G-20 latest: most leaders agree to condemn Russia for war

A majority of Group of 20 nations are set to condemn Russia’s war in Ukraine, according to a joint statement drafted for the summit in Bali, Indonesia.

Host Joko Widodo warned that 2023 could be an even more challenging year unless action is taken on food security including fertiliser scarcity. Widodo’s concerns were echoed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi who said the current shortage in fertilisers is a “huge crisis.”

Disruptions to grain supplies from Ukraine since Russia invaded in late February have exacerbated food shortages and contributed to inflation around the world. There have also been shortfalls of fertiliser from Russia, although as a product it is not under sanction.

Key Developments

  • Russia’s Lavrov Stays in Room During Zelenskiy Address to G-20
  • Most G-20 Leaders Agree to Condemn Russia for War in Ukraine
  • G-20 Diplomats Agree on Draft Statement Despite Rifts on Russia
  • Putin May Be Absent But He Is Still on G-20 Leaders’ Minds
  • Ukraine Seeks New Grain Shipments to Commemorate 1930s Famine
  • Biden, Xi Take Biggest Step in Years to Avoid US-China Clash

(All times local)

Russia’s Lavrov Stays in Room During Zelenskiy Address to G-20 (13:07 p.m.)

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov stayed in the room during a virtual address by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to Group of 20 leaders meeting in Bali, Indonesia, according to people familiar with the matter.

G-20 leaders also remained listening in their seats when Lavrov addressed the summit, the people said. There had been suggestions ahead of time that some leaders might leave when Lavrov delivered his remarks.

???? Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey #Lavrov participates in the Plenary Session (Food and Energy Security) of the #G20 Summit in #Indonesia.

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View original tweet.

South Africa Concerned with Lack of Progress at COP27 (12:59 p.m.)

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said there was concern over lack of progress on key issues in the multilateral negotiations at COP27, especially with regards to loss and damage, finance, technology, capacity building, adaptation and the just transition.

“Industrialised countries in the G-20 need to demonstrate more ambitious climate action and must honor their financial commitments to developing economies,” he said in remarks delivered at the meeting.

Erdogan Meets Saudi Crown Prince (12:59 a.m.)

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan holds meeting with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman on the sidelines of the G-20 summit, state-run Anadolu Agency reports.

IMF’s Georgieva Says a Divided World Loses at Least 1.5% of GDP Yearly (12:27 p.m.)

International Monetary Fund Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said protectionism must not be allowed to take root and for the world to drift into separate blocs.

“We have calculated that a world divided would lose at least 1.5 percent of GDP annually,” she said in remarks delivered at the G-20 meeting. “And the cost would be much higher–2 times higher or more–for open economies, those that depend on international cooperation.”

France Says China’s Stance On Russia Getting More Balanced (12:14 p.m.)

China’s position on Russia’s war against Ukraine is moving toward a more balanced and constructive stance, a French official said after a meeting between President Emmanuel Macron and Xi Jinping in Bali.

China has been very clear in its view on a potential nuclear attack on Ukraine and has been sending messages to the Russians, the official said.

During the meeting, Macron requested that Xi urges Russian president Vladimir Putin to de-escalate and get back to the negotiation table, the official said. The French leader intends to visit China when Covid rules allow.

China, EU Support Indonesia’s Push for African Union Representation at G-20 (11:59 a.m.)

Chinese President Xi Jinping said he supported the push for the African Union to join the G-20 when he addressed the summit, Xinhua reported. The European Union also backed this initiative.

This was first proposed by Indonesia as this year’s G-20 host to ensure the concerns of the continent would be represented. The

The African Union is a grouping of 55 states with a combined gross domestic product of more than $2 trillion, which would place it within the world’s top 10 largest economies. South Africa is the only G-20 member from the continent.

Argentine President Skipped G-20 Speech on Health Issue (11:48 a.m.)

Argentine President Alberto Fernandez skipped his address to the rest of the G-20 leaders due to complications from hypotension, La Nacion reported.

His press officer in Bali said the president is doing better.

Most G-20 Leaders Agree to Condemn Russia for War in Ukraine (11:44 a.m.)

A majority of G-20 nations are set to condemn Russia’s war in Ukraine, according to a joint statement drafted for the summit that was seen by Bloomberg.

The statement cites a discussion at the summit about the impact of the conflict on the global economy. It refers to the “war in Ukraine” but not “Russia’s war in Ukraine,” and represents a compromise in wording designed to get as many G-20 leaders to sign off as possible.

Modi Also Warns of Looming Fertilizer Crisis in G-20 Session (11:38 a.m)

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi warned that the current shortage of fertilisers is a “huge crisis” and there needs to be mutual agreement to maintain the supply chain.

Modi defended India’s energy security needs, saying there should not be any restrictions on the supply of energy and the stability of the energy market should be ensured. India has purchased millions of barrels of discounted Russian oil shunned by Europe and the US since the war in Ukraine began, and Moscow remains a key weapons supplier.

“I have repeatedly said that we have to find a way to return to the path of ceasefire and diplomacy in Ukraine,” Modi said at the Food and Energy Security session. “The need of the hour is to show concrete and collective resolve to ensure peace, harmony and security in the world.”

Ukraine President Zelenskiy Addresses G-20 Meeting (10:57 a.m.)

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy delivered an “impassioned, yet detailed” speech calling for the restoration of peace and respect for the UN Charter at the G-20 summit, European Union ambassador to Indonesia Vincent Piket said in a tweet.

Indonesia Warns the Coming Year May Be Even More Challenging (10:20 a.m)

Widodo opened the first session of the summit with an appeal for global action to ease food insecurity and improve access to energy supply.

“Don’t underestimate the problem of fertiliser,” Widodo said. “If we don’t immediately take steps to ensure sufficient availability of fertiliser at an affordable price, then 2023 will be a more dismal year. The current high food prices could worsen by becoming a food supply crisis. Fertiliser scarcity will cause crop failure in various parts of the world.”

He also called for an end to the war in Ukraine, while adding “we shouldn’t divide the world into parts. We must not let the world fall into another cold war.” Widodo, known as Jokowi, did not mention Russia by name when speaking about the conflict.

Biden Tests Negative for Covid Ahead of G-20 Summit (10:17 a.m.)

US President Joe Biden tested negative for Covid-19 ahead of the Group of 20 meetings in Bali, laying to rest concerns of an infection after meeting Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen who said he got a positive result.

“The President tested negative this morning and is not considered a close contact,” the White House said.

Macron Calls On Xi To Cooperate on Climate, Ukraine (9:20 a.m.)

French president Emmanuel Macron called on Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping in a meeting Tuesday to “join our forces” to address major global challenges including climate change and Russia’s war against Ukraine.

In remarks made at the start of a conversation that went for around 45 minutes, Macron said he agreed with Xi that everything must be done so the Indonesian hosts can make the summit a success by “reducing tensions and gaps in the global environment” and “allow us to bring peace back everywhere a conflict has settled.”

Xi is set to meet other leaders on the sidelines of the G-20 including the president of South Korea and the prime minister of Australia.

Cambodia PM Tests Positive for Covid After Meeting World Leaders (9:01 a.m.)

Hun Sen said he tested positive for Covid-19 just two days after meeting world leaders including US President Joe Biden and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang during a regional summit in Phnom Penh.

Hun Sen made the announcement in a Facebook post Tuesday. The Cambodian leader said he missed a dinner with heads of state on Monday evening due to his late arrival to Bali, and will be returning to Cambodia.

Ukraine Seeks New Grain Shipments to Commemorate 1930s Famine (8:57 a.m.)

The Ukrainian government is working with supporter nations to fund new shipments of grain around the anniversary of the 1930s Holodomor famine — a symbolic push that comes amid discussions to extend a deal that allows grain exports from its war-stricken ports.

Officials in Kyiv are seeking funding and support for shipments that would be timed for the late November commemoration of the famine.

The plans are at an early stage and it’s unclear how many ships might be involved and how much it would cost, according to officials familiar with the matter who asked not to be identified discussing the negotiations.

Biden Says He Doesn’t See ‘Imminent’ Threat of Taiwan Attack (10:39 p.m.)

“I do not think there’s any imminent attempt on the part of China to invade Taiwan,” Biden said at a news conference after his meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping. “I absolutely believe there need not be a new Cold War.”

The two men agreed to a series of goodwill gestures intended to improve ties between their countries, including the resumption of talks on climate change, global economics and other issues between senior officials. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken will visit China, Biden said.

G-20 Negotiators Now Agree Draft Statement Language (10:30 p.m.)

Group of 20 diplomats have agreed on a proposed statement, according to multiple officials, with wording that papers over differences on how hard to call out Russia for its war in Ukraine.

The draft still needs to be approved by leaders when they meet in Bali, Indonesia from Tuesday, the officials said.

Some officials had talked earlier Monday of the prospect of a communique involving different language in some parts where the war would be described. Three diplomats said this had indeed provided a way through, allowing the Indonesian hosts to get a statement to put to leaders for their sign off.

© 2022 Bloomberg

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